In this paper we study the linear quadratic regulation (LQR) problem for dynamical systems coupled over large-scale networks and obtain locally computable low-complexity solutions. The underlying large or even infinite networks are represented by graphons and the couplings appear in both the dynamics and the quadratic cost. The optimal solution is obtained first for graphon dynamical systems for the special case where the graphons are exactly characterized by finite spectral summands. The complexity of generating these control solutions involves solving
\(d+1\) scalar Riccati equations where
\(d\) is the number of non-zero eigenvalues in the spectral representation.
Based on this, we provide a suboptimal low-complexity solution for problems with general graphon couplings via spectral approximations and analyze the performance under the approximate control. Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the explicit solution and demonstrate the simplicity of the solution.
Published November 2019 , 16 pages