Groupe d’études et de recherche en analyse des décisions

G-2019-86

Equilibrium strategies in a multiregional transboundary pollution differential game with spatially distributed controls

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We analyze a differential game with spatially distributed controls to study a multiregional transboundary pollution problem. The dynamics of the state variable (pollution stock) is defined by a two dimensional parabolic partial differential equation. The control variables (emissions) are spatially distributed variables. The model allows for a, possibly large, number of agents with predetermined geographical relationships. For a special functional form previously used in the literature of transboundary pollution dynamic games we analytically characterize the feedback Nash equilibrium. We show that at the equilibrium both the level and the location of emissions of each region depend on the particular geographical relationship among agents. We prove that, even in a simplified model, the geographical considerations can modify the players' optimal strategies and therefore, the spatial aspects of the model should not be overlooked.

, 15 pages