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Séminaire du GERAD

Optimal planning and control of direct current lines in power systems

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30 avr. 2019   15h00 — 16h00

Josh Taylor University of Toronto, Canada

Direct current transmission of electric power is becoming more and more common as power electronic converters improve. The advantages of DC over AC transmission include better wire utilization, decreased losses, and the ability to dynamically decouple neighboring grids. In this talk, we first consider transmission system expansion with AC and DC lines. We model both voltage-sourced and line-commutated converters, AC to DC line conversion, and installation of reactive power support. Transmission expansion planning is nonconvex due to the power flow equations, discrete installation variables, and products between power flow and installation variables. We use convex relaxations and a physics-based approximation to obtain a mixed-integer second-order cone model, which can be solved using commercially available software. In the second part of the talk, we look at control of DC-segmented power systems. DC-segmented power systems consist of multiple AC grids (e.g., microgrids, provinces, countries) that are only connected to each other by DC lines. We show that, due to the controllability of DC lines, DC segmented power systems are poset-causal. This makes the problem amenable to optimal decentralized control, which is intractable for general systems. We find in simulation that the optimal decentralized controller attains virtually the same performance as the optimal centralized controller.


Entrée gratuite.
Bienvenue à tous!

Miguel F. Anjos responsable

Lieu

Salle 4488
Pavillon André-Aisenstadt
Campus de l'Université de Montréal
2920, chemin de la Tour Montréal QC H3T 1J4 Canada

Organisme associé

Chaire de recherche industrielle CRSNG-Hydro-Québec-Schneider Electric en optimisation des réseaux électriques intelligents

Poster_Seminar_30_april.pdf (280 Ko)