This paper presents a mixed integer programming formulation dealing with the effective minimisation of risk incurred when optimizing mining production rates in such a way that production targets are met in the presence of geological uncertainty. This is developed through the concept of a "stable solution domain" that provides all feasible combinations of ore and waste extraction for the ultimate pit limit of a given deposit, independent of the geological risk. The proposed formulation provides an optimal annual extraction rate, together with the optimal utilization of a mining fleet and an equipment acquisition program. This solution eliminates unnecessary capital expenses and is feasible under all geological scenarios. The mathematical programing model is detailed and tested at a gold deposit. The results are used as input to a production schedule design and are compared to the schedule generated using a constant mining rate; the comparison shows that about 40% of equipment acquisition can be delayed for 7 years and mill demand still be met, thus maximizing profit and minimizing costs.
Published September 2015 , 18 pages