Column generation is one of the most successful approaches for solving large scale linear programming problems. However, degeneracy difficulties and long-tail effects are known to occur as problems become larger. In recent years, several stabilization techniques of the dual variables have proven to be effective. We study the use of two types of dual-optimal inequalities in order to accelerate and stabilize the whole convergence process. Added to the dual formulation, these constraints are satisfied by all or a subset of the dual optimal solutions. Therefore the optimal objective function value of the augmented dual problem is identical to the original one. Adding constraints to the dual problem leads to adding columns to the primal problem , and feasibility of the solution may be lost. We propose two methods for recovering primal feasibility and optimality, depending on the type of inequalities that is used. Our computational experiments on the binary and the classical cutting stock problems, and more specifically on the so-called triplet-instances, show that the use of relevant dual information has a tremendous effect on the reduction of the number of column generation iterations.
Paru en mars 2003 , 22 pages
Ce cahier a été révisé en mars 2005