This paper investigates a variant of the traveling salesman problem (TSP) with speed optimization for a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), simultaneously optimizing the average speed and operation mode for each road segment in the route. Two mixed-integer nonlinear programming models are proposed for the problem: one with continuous speed decision variables and one with discretized variables. Since the models are non-linear, we propose reformulation schemes and introduce valid inequalities to strengthen them. We also describe a branch-and-cut algorithm to solve these reformulations. Extensive numerical experiments are performed to demonstrate the algorithm's performance in terms of computing time and energy consumption costs. Specifically, the proposed solution method can efficiently solve instances with a realistic number of customers and outperforms the benchmark approaches from the literature. Integrating speed optimization into the TSP of a PHEV can lead to significant energy savings compared to the fixed-speed TSP. In addition, the proposed model is extended to investigate the impact of the presence of charging stations, which makes the problem harder to solve but has the potential to further reduce energy consumption costs.
Published September 2023 , 35 pages
G2342.pdf (600 KB)