Wireless communications can facilitate transfer of synchrophasor data between spatially separated phasor measurement units (PMUs) and phasor data concentrators (PDCs). However, such communication systems may impose random access delay and failure on PMU channels that lead to missing synchrophasor data frames at the output of the PDC. This paper presents a new approach for online reliability assessment and improvement of synchrophasor data communications. The proposed approach involves elaborate estimation and probabilistic prediction algorithms that trigger a prioritized handover mechanism in order to minimize the number of synchrophasor data frames that are missing over successive time-stamps. Extensive simulations based on LTE wireless communications confirm significant improvement in terms of data loss under both absolute and relative waiting time logics. This non-intrusive approach can be adopted by network operators to ensure reliable transmission of synchrophasor data to monitoring, control, and protection applications in smart grids.
Published January 2020 , 18 pages